Western Association for Biofeedback and Neuroscience — Spring 2017 41 a developed stress profile of clients. Presentation: HEG: Hemoencephalographic NeuroFeedback Training Presenter: Gregory Alter, PhD Student reviewer: Cody Gustaveson Dr. Gregory Alter provided a brief history of Hemoencephalographic (HEG) neu- rofeedback and discussed the various technologies that have been developed and implemented. The differences between near-infrared (nIR) and passive-infrared (pIR) systems were discussed in terms of technological differences. nIR and pIR differ in the targeting of sites, due to the way in which the sensors for each system are implement- ed in both hardware and software. Additionally, the developer of pIR, Dr. Carmen, believes that better results can be obtained when one is in a relaxed and focused state, whereas Dr. Toomim, the developer of nIR, emphasized the importance of intensity of focus by the subject. The discussion was very informative about specific applications of different technology. Sites without hair are the preferred sites (Fpz, Fp1, Fp2) due to interference from hair on other regions of the scalp. Also, historically, concerns about ambiguous laterality were raised regarding choice of site for treatment. Finally, Dr. Al- ter discussed the wide variety of presenting symptoms and conditions that can be im- proved with the use of both of these forms of neurofeedback. Presentation: Presurgical Psychological Preparation: Integrating Mindfulness, CBT, & Biofeedback to Optimize Surgical Outcomes Presenter: Amir Ramezani, PhD, Student reviewer: Bo Roberstson In his presentation Dr. Ramezani described the importance of presurgical psycho- logical preparation and how it can lead to multiple improvements in post-surgical outcomes. The field of presurgical psychological preparation allows for new areas of application for biofeedback intervention. This presentation outlined how healthcare providers can supplement mindfulness and cognitive interventions with biofeedback and how this approach can lead to improved post-surgical outcomes, manifesting in less post-surgical pain and faster post-surgical recovery. Additionally, by setting realistic expectations for pain management and increasing the patient’s understanding of surgi-