Western Association for Biofeedback and Neuroscience — Spring 2017 31 predictable from the moment of the Big Bang. He assumed that the entire edifice of science rested on the principle of hard determinism, and he could imagine no alternative. We may now see such certainty as quaint, but most likely we are all holding on to similar verities with which we are not prepared to part. So even the scien- tific edifice rests on assumptions that may have to be modified. They are therefore ultimately also provisional, faith-based if you will, and it would be helpful for all of us to adopt an attitude of greater humility with respect to our foundational assump- tions. The two magisteria are not so far apart after all. In particular, both our scientific and religious traditions are monolithic (monotheistic), seeking a unitary descrip- tion of our nature that is then naturally adversarial with respect to alternative con- structs. The battles of the past in our field have been a matter of a tyrannical left hemisphere insisting on having its way in the world, empowered by delusions of scientific certainty. Such certainty could be sustained only by ignoring all of the rich clinical data that were emerging at the hands of clinicians who had the gift of a functioning right hemisphere. This tyranny of the left hemisphere is self-reinforcing. I recall an incident in which a man and his wife were arguing about whether men were more intelligent than women. After the wife cited those aspects of mental function where wom- en tend to exhibit general superiority, the husband simply declared, “But that is not intelligence!” Unsurprisingly, the left hemisphere defines intelligence to fa- vor what it is particularly good at. And it defines the scientific process very much in terms that are congenial to left-hemi- sphere competences. Until recently, sci- entists did not even recognize right-brain skills such as facial recognition, emotional discernment, and coming to terms with ambiguity and complexity quickly, as higher functions. The left hemisphere indulges the fic- tion that it is in charge of events, and then proceeds to organize our intellectual constructs and our institutions to support that persuasion. The result was delusion- al at more than one level. Only the left hemisphere can get lost in its hall of mir- rors, with an omega point of solipsism. This is well illustrated in the field of psychology in its preponderant cogni- tive (and volitional) bias. This tilt was so great that when American psychology was given first dibs on adopting physiologi- cal self-regulation as a way of pacifying the right hemisphere, it passed on the opportunity. Right hemisphere function remained terra incognita. The field of psychology has managed to talk about ADHD, for example, entirely without reference to the emotions for the whole twentieth century. The field of psycholo- gy had passed up the best opportunity to heal its patients….and to re-balance itself. Toward the Re-unification of the Field We have witnessed a multi-decadal dismantling of the original vision of mod- el-driven, prescriptive neurofeedback in the operant conditioning model to a more organically brain-based, non-prescriptive approach in which the brain itself deter- mines its journey and we merely provide it information that it finds most useful.