Western Association for Biofeedback and Neuroscience — Spring 2017 16 mance and the EEG frequency bands that can be utilized during neurofeedback. Behavioral Interventions and Neurofeedback In the same spirit of personal growth and increased wellness, there have been ongoing efforts to merge psychothera- py and meditative practices. The “Third Wave of Cognitive Behavioral Therapies” includes practices such as mindfulness, acceptance-commitment therapy, and other spiritual practices. A survey by Mc- Gee (2008) suggests that meditative prac- tices can have a positive effect on anxiety, addiction, aggression, suicidality, chronic pain, insomnia, and hypertension. Lagop- oulos and colleagues (2009) compared non-directive meditation to a quiet rest- ing condition and found a significant in- crease in alpha and theta spectral activity patterns, significantly more so than that which occurs with regular relaxation. The psychophysiology specialists may wish to integrate behavioral interventions in their practice to augment the effects of perfor- mance enhancing neurofeedback proto- cols. Given this unique intrapersonal access, alpha-theta neurofeedback might also be considered a useful tool for transpersonal explorations (i.e., Fourth Force Psycholo- gy: Fourth Force Psychology; Moss, 1999). With a “deep states” practice, an individual may benefit from learning to alter one’s state of consciousness to access images, memories, and transpersonal awareness, while also benefitting from learning self-regulation to calm the central nervous system and reverse the effects of over-arousal that may be contributing to a variety of conditions (e.g., chronic pain, insomnia, anxiety dis- orders, etc.). Alpha-theta neurofeedback may have utility beyond its current and somewhat limited scope of practice. Conclusion Overall, applications of neurofeedback to improve performance are diverse and promising. The psychophysiology special- ist may consider utilizing SMR training, and/or alpha-theta training. These proto- cols will have high-yield results on the cog- nitive aspects of the performance-based behavior or skill. Integrating alpha-theta training with acceptance-based behavioral approaches can also help improve the per- formance outcome. u Cognitive Performance Dimension Neurofeedback Protocol Deep State Training Alpha-Theta Cognitive Processing and Focus SMR Cognitive Efficiency SMR and theta and alpha Cognitive Work Load & Engagement 20 Hz Beta / alpha + theta Table 1. Cognitive Domains