Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Page 5 Page 6 Page 7 Page 8 Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page 31 Page 32 Page 33 Page 34 Page 35 Page 36 Page 37 Page 38 Page 39 Page 40 Page 41 Page 42California Biofeedback — Fall 2016 8 Introduction A38 year-old male presents to you with chronic neck and shoulder pain due to a motor vehicle accident and cervical fu- sion surgery. He is grieving the loss of his functioning. He wants to return to play- ing baseball with his local church team, play his guitar without excessive tension, and improve his creativity at work as a writer. As applied psychophysiology special- ists working with such a client, we strive to help this person live a better life but at times we may lose track of the functional and performance aspects, and instead fo- cus solely on symptoms, such as pain and depression. Yet, for some clients, what makes their lives rich and valuable is the functional activities that bring them joy and meaning (e.g., playing a sport, play- ing a musical instrument, or simply in- creasing artistic talents such as creativity). How can we help an individual, similar to the client above, living with a chronic condition, perform at their optimal state? How do we foster an approach that in- tegrates multiple dimensions of a client’s life to ultimately promote optimal func- tioning? Applied psychophysiological interven- tions have been shown to improve the management of chronic medical con- ditions and improve athletic and musi- cal performance (Yucha & Montgom- ery, 2008; Arena and Schwartz, 2003). Psychophysiological interventions are uniquely helpful for specialists who work with individuals who suffer from chronic conditions as well as functional and per- formance limitations (Stayner, Ramezani, Prasad, & Mahajan, 2016). Reviewing the non-traditional and novel applications of biofeedback and performance training can expand one’s skill-set to help clients move toward optimal performance states. This article reviews the biopsychosocial dimensions, assessment approaches, and biofeedback and behavioral approach- es to optimize performance. We define performance broadly to include athletic performance, musical performance, and creativity. Peripheral Biofeedback and Performance For clients who want to live healthier lives, perform better in sports or on stage, or to simply increase energy and focus on the job, it is through the mind-body connection that individuals can reach their optimal state. Whether the client is a baseball player who wishes to reduce re- action time, a guitar player who wishes to reduce anxiety and muscle tension while performing, or the writer who wishes to tap into creativity and depth of thinking abilities, the mind-body connection is the critical link to a higher state of function- Expanding Psychophysiological Applications Part 1: Biobehavioral Interventions for Optimal Performance and Function Amir Ramezani, Mark Johnson, Nik Edmondson, Arash Ramezani, Traci Sitzer, and Lindsey Romero